Conclusive Evidence: Understanding the Value & Limitations of Video Footage


Mike Ranalli


Video is ubiquitous in our society. Video related to law enforcement interactions frequently become viral internet sensations and national news. Frequently, misunderstanding video limitations and personal reactions under high stress cause flawed and unjustified conclusions regarding officer behavior. These conclusions can be further exacerbated by hindsight bias. In conjunction, some incidents could have been avoided if officers had better training and risk awareness. As risk managers, you must analyze these public safety issues in two contexts: understanding the behavior behind a current claim and also developing member programs to help to mitigate future risk and train to prevent future tragedies.

Core Competency #1: PRMS - Public Risk Management Skills

Crisis Management

Core Competency #2 PA/GBS – Public Administration/General Business Skills:

Business Law

Core Competency #3: CTIS – Critical Thinking & Interpersonal Skills:


Course Level


Learning Objectives

Objective 1: Develop an understanding of video limitations and why video recordings may not be the best evidence of what actually happened.
Objective 2: Establish the realities of high-stress encounters and their impact on human performance.
Objective 3 Identify when it may be necessary to bring in a subject matter expert to assist risk managers in assessing a current claim and the need for ongoing training to help mitigate future similar member agencies’ risks.


Advanced Risk Management Administration